You haven't bought milk today , have you? No, I´m sorry
No has comprado leche hoy, verdad? No lo siento
It was a good film, wasn't it? Yes, it was fantastic.
Ha sido una pelicula buena, no? Si, fue fantastica
En los ejemplos anteriores "have you?" y "wasn´t it?" son lo que en lengua inglesa llamamos Question Tag , es decir mini-preguntas que a menudo ponemos al final de la oración en Spoken English. En las "question tag" usamos un verbo auxiliar (have/was/will etc..). Usaremos do/does/did para el presente y el pasado simple. La traducción del "question tag" es bastante flexible es como cuando nosotros al preguntar algo añadimos "Verdad?, no es asi?, a que si ?, no ?... "esperando que el oyente nos conteste o se ponga de acuerdo con nosotros.
Kevin plays football, doesn´t he? Yes, but not very well.
(Kevin juega al futbol , verdad? Si pero no muy bien)
You didn´t closed the window, did you? No, I forgot.
(No has cerrado la ventana, verdad? No , se me olvidó)
Normalmente usamos una "question tag" negativa después de una oración afirmativa y una "question tag" afirmativa después de una oración negativa.
Positive sentence + question tag negativo
Mum will be at home soon, won`t she? (Mama estará en casa pronto, no?)
There was a lot of noise, wasn`t there? (Habia mucho ruido , no?)
James should go to the doctor, shouldn´t he? (Jaime deberia ir al médico ,verdad?)
Negative Sentence + Positive -questiion tag
Mary won't be late., will she? (Maria no llegará tarde, verdad?)
They don´t study every day, do they? (Tu no estudias cada dia , verdad?)
You haven´t got a motorbike, have you? (Tu no tienes moto, no?)
El significado de una "question tag "dependerá de cómo se dice. Si tu voz desciende, realmente no estás preguntando simplemente estas intentando contrastar información a ver si el oyente este de acuerdo o no contigo.
You haven´t done your homework today, have you? No, I´m afraid I haven´t.
(No has hecho los deberes hoy, verdad? No me temo que no.)
También podemos usar una oracion negativa + una" question tag en afirmativa para pedir cosas o información , o incluso para pedir a alguien que haga algo. El tono de voz será ascendente al final del question tag.
You couldn`t do me a favour, could you? It depends what do you need. (Me podías hacer un favor, no? Depende de lo que necesites)
Hay que prestar atención en algunos casos:
· Después de Let´s ... la question tag es Shall we?
Después de imperativo negativo
Don´t...., la quetion tag es Will you?
Dont speak in class, will you? (tono de voz descendente)(No hableis en clase)
· Después de imperativo positivo: Stop singing, will you? (Para de cantar)
· Después de I´m ... la "question tag" negativa es Aren´t I?
· Después de There is / are..... la question tag es are there/ is there.
There aren't any spiders in the bedroom, are there?
(No hay arañas en la habitación, verdad?)
· Después de this/ that is ...... la question tag será isn´t it?
This / that is - This is Paul's pen, isn't it?
Aqui os dejo mas ejemplos con los diferentes tiempos verbales que os podéis encontrar.
Present Simple "be" She's Spanish, isn't she?
Present simple other verbs They live in Valencia, don't they?
Present Continuous We're travelling tomorrow, aren't we?
Past simple "BE" It was hot last week, wasn't it?
Past Simple other verbs He went to Madrid yesterday, didn't he?
Past Continuous We were standing at the traffic light, weren't we?
Present Perfect They've visitied Sevilla, haven't they?
Present Perfect Continuous She's been working a lot recently, hasn't she?
Past perfect He had lost his schoolbag, hadn't he?
Past Perfect Continuous We'd been studying, hadn't we?
Future Simple She'll finish at ten , won't she?
Future Continuous They'll be landing soon, won't they?
Future perfect They'll have started before six, won't they?
Future Perfect Continuous She'll have been studying all day, won't she?
Modals They can work, can't they?
Modals Janet must study, mustn't she?
Negative sentences, with positive tags
Present Simple " Be" We aren't wrong, are we?
Present simple other verb She doesn't have any money, does he?
Present Continuous The train isn't coming, is it?
Past Simple Be He wasn't at school last week, was he?
Past Simple other verbs They didn't go to the disco last Saturday, did they?
Past Continuous You weren't sleeping, were you?
Present Perfect She hasn't finished all the homework, has she?
Present Perfect Continuous He hasn't been waiting , has he?
Past Perfect We hadn't lived in Leon , had we?
Past Perfect Continuous They hadn't been working, had they?
Future Simple You won't be late, will you?
Future Continuous He'll be travelling next week, won't he?
Future Perfect He won't have larrived home before seven, will he?
Future Perfect Continuous She won't have beensleeling all day, will she?
Modals She can't speak German, can she?
Modals They mustn't arrive late , must they?